Sabtu, 18 Disember 2010
Zaha Hadid has the distinction of being the first woman ever to be honored with the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize. This award was presented to her on May 31, 2004 at the beautiful State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Born in Bagdad, Iraq, Zaha studied and earned a degree in math at the American University of Beirut. She went on to study, and later to teach, at the Architectural Association School of Architecture (AA School of Architecture) in London. She has taught in many other prominent architectural institutions and is currently professor at the University of Applied Arts Vienna in Austria.
Zaha's inspiration to pursue the art and science of architecture came to her early in life. At the age of eleven, she became fascinated by photographs of the Marsh Arabs in southern Iraq. These images had been taken by a friend of her father's, the English explorer Wilfred Thesiger. Later, when her father took her to visit this place, Zaha knew that architecture would be her life. It was a fitting place to come to this understanding for it was in the region of Sumer, the very place where human architecture first began in 3000 - 2340 BC:
Hassan Fathy, born in Alexandria in 1900, became one of the outstanding architects of his
generation in Africa, demonstrating that it is possible to build for the poor and teaching people to
build for themselves.
Fathy taught at the Faculty of Fine Arts of Cairo University and served as head of its Department of
Architecture. In 1981 he established the International Institute for Appropriate Technology in Cairo to develop and apply his approach.
With the publication of Architecture for the Poor, University of Chicago Press 1973, Fathy's work
came to international attention. This book, which has since become a classic, describes in detail.
Fathy's experience in planning and building the village of New Gourma, using mud bricks and
employing traditional Egyptian architectural features, such as enclosed courtyards and domed and
vaulted roofing. Fathy worked closely with the people to tailor his designs to their needs. He taught
them how to work with the mud bricks, supervised the erection of buildings and encouraged the revival of ancient decorative techniques. Although New Gourma remained uncompleted, due to bureaucratic red tape and other problems, it has been said of Fathy that he produced 'not only answers but inspiration; his thought, experience and spirit constitute a major international resource.' In 1980 he received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture and in 1984 the Gold Medal of the Union of International Architects. Dr Fathy died in Cairo in 1989
Sabtu, 11 Disember 2010
Architects plan, design and review the construction of buildings and structures for the use of people. Architects also coordinate and integrate engineering design, which has as its primary objective the creative manipulation of materials and forms using mathematical and scientific principles.